Neck pain

The neck is an important part of the body. Lymphatic vessels, large nerves, arteries and spinal cord pass through it. Neck pain can be a symptom of a variety of medical conditions. A long -lasting unpleasant sensation indicates a serious pathology.


Pain in the neck

Unpleasant sensations can manifest as neck or lumbago pain. Cervicago is an acute syndrome that prevents you from turning around. Neck pain - cervicalgia. It happen:

  • Superficial somatic. It occurs when the skin is damaged.
  • Deep somatic. It appears when muscles and vertebrae are affected.
  • Viseral. It arises as a sign of infectious disease or pathology of internal organs.

If pain in the neck catches an adjacent area, they diagnose either cervicobrachialgia (cervicobrachial syndrome) or cervicobrachialgia (discomfort extending to the back of the head and then to the rest of the head).

Cause of incident

Often, discomfort occurs due to muscle spasms or muscle tension. They occur for the following reasons:

  • hypothermia;
  • sharp round of head;
  • stay long in the same position;
  • muscle fatigue while working.

The discomfort caused by these factors does not require complex treatment. As a rule, they disappear on their own in 1-3 weeks.

If there is severe discomfort, numbness, the patient experiences dizziness, impaired movement, the cause of the disease can be more serious. It is important to consult an expert.

Acute pain syndrome is observed when:

  • problems with the spine: bruises, soft tissue injuries;
  • inflammatory and infectious diseases;
  • radiculitis;
  • herniated intervertebral disc;
  • curvature of the spine in the cervical spine;
  • osteochondrosis, arthrosis;
  • neurological diseases;
  • fibromyalgia;
  • oncology.

Pain syndromes may vary depending on the disease and its stage. Pathology can be suspected by some of the accompanying signs.

Causes of pain by location

The localization of unpleasant sensations is an important factor that allows you to diagnose the problem accurately during the initial examination. After determining the cause, using other methods, the degree of damage is established.

Painful sensation in the front of the neck

Unpleasant sensations under the chin or along the neck in the front may indicate some pathology. The list is impressive:

  • inflammation of the lymph nodes;
  • angina pectoris;
  • cysts and abscesses;
  • inflammation of muscles, ligaments and nerves;
  • pathology of the thyroid gland.

It is not possible to independently determine which disease is present on these symptoms. The cause of the pain can also be a pinch of a blood vessel or nerve by the intervertebral disc, which is deformed.

A complex of programs has been developed aimed at eliminating the disease without surgery and pills. It is necessary to consult with an experienced doctor: neurologist, osteopath, chiropractor, kinesitherapist, masseur.

Neck pain in the back

Changes in the spine are a major cause of pain, sharp or pulling pain in the neck area. It occurs due to low physical activity, constant work at the computer. Discomfort can be a symptom of the following diseases:

  • osteochondrosis - changes in the structure of the intervertebral disc;
  • intervertebral disc protrusion (protrusion);
  • intervertebral hernia;
  • spondylosis - bone growth on the vertebrae;
  • muscle cramp;
  • vertebral fractures due to whiplash or osteoporosis.

Back pain in the neck is a non -standard symptom and spinal tuberculosis, osteomyelitis, Reiter's syndrome.

Pain syndrome on the lateral surface of the neck

Discomfort in this area is indicated by a burning sensation, throbbing pain, sometimes accompanied by a tingling sensation. The unpleasant sensation extends to the shoulders or ears to the right or left. Sometimes they are accompanied by the appearance of secondary torticollis as a result of constant tilt of the head to the affected part.

These symptoms exist in the following pathologies:

  • blood vessel problems, atherosclerosis;
  • muscle spasms due to sharp head rotation, hypothermia or physical exertion;
  • local malignant formation in the larynx, thyroid gland, pharynx.

In the early stages of rheumatoid arthritis, the pain can spread to the cervical area, back of the head, and head. When turning the head or bending the neck, strengthen.


If the discomfort is rarely bothersome, it may be due to an uncomfortable posture in the dream or awkward head movements. No special treatment is required. To eliminate discomfort, they do exercise, light rubbing, warm baths, it is recommended to use orthopedic mattresses and pillows. But there are situations when consultation of a neurologist or chiropractor is needed immediately.

The worrying signs are:

  • stiffness of movement;
  • the duration of the painful sensation is more than 1-2 days;
  • appearance of concomitant pain in the shoulders, arms;
  • frequent headaches, especially in the back of the head, accompanied by dizziness;
  • numb fingers, hands.

If you have an injury to the neck, head or spine and pain in this area is constantly bothering you, you need to get help.

How to relieve neck pain with osteochondrosis

In case of acute pain, it is necessary to take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or use gels, creams with anti-inflammatory effect. You should rub the product wherever you feel pain and numbness. If the pain gets worse when you turn around, you should limit movement. Do not make sudden head movements. For shoulder pain, do not strain the arm. It is possible to use painkillers with a warming effect.

All these suggestions will help relieve pain for 1-2 days. But to prevent recurrence, a complete cure for osteochondrosis is needed. There are both the most modern and old methods of treatment: UHT therapy, kinesitherapy, therapeutic massage, acupuncture, osteopathy, manual therapy, recording.


Neurologists primarily deal with the treatment of neck pain. At the reception, specialists listen to patient complaints, conduct examinations. It identifies the root cause of the problem. Often, he becomes a deviation from the norm of the state of the spine. These changes are the reason for the development of diseases equivalent to internal organs.

Each segment of the spinal cord is responsible for the work of a specific organ. When the vertebrae change position or the height of the intervertebral disc decreases, the transmission of nerve impulses from the spinal cord to internal organs is disrupted.

If the problem is in the cervical spine, ENT organs, vocal cords, thyroid and parathyroid glands, neck muscles or forearms are affected. That. more often they diagnose both problems with the spine and diseases of internal organs. Therefore, for back pain in the neck, examination by a chiropractor is recommended. If other diseases are detected, additional examination of narrow specialists: cardiologists, endocrinologists, otolaryngologists.

A patient who complains of discomfort in the cervical spine undergoes a comprehensive diagnosis. The list of procedures includes:

  • blood tests: general and biochemical;
  • blood tests for thyroid hormone levels;
  • computed tomography of the cervical spine;
  • magnetic resonance imaging of the neck area;
  • ultrasound examination of the cervical canal, salivary glands, thyroid gland with USDG.

With the help of MRI, the specialist examines in detail the condition of the intervertebral disc. This method allows you to diagnose the disease at an early stage. The doctor will assess the state of blood flow. If there is compression of the spinal cord and its roots, he will see it in the picture.

Treatment of pathology of the cervical spine

After diagnosis, doctors develop individual treatment tactics for each patient. It takes into account the severity of changes in the affected area, the corresponding disease, age and level of physical development. A set of measures is being taken to eliminate the symptoms and causes of the pathology.


Sessions were conducted using modern equipment and tools for shock wave therapy. With the help of this procedure, swelling, inflammation is removed, and blood flow in the damaged area is improved. After a course of UHT therapy, ligament and tendon elasticity is restored, metabolism is accelerated.


This method of manual therapy relieves pain and repairs damaged muscles. Special bandages with thermal coating are used. They are carefully installed on the damaged part of the body.

Manual therapy

For pathology of the cervical spine, it is carried out using several techniques. The session begins with a soothing massage by increasing the kneading rate. The effect is felt after 1 procedure. After the course, the vertebrae return to the anatomically correct position, muscle spasms are eliminated. Blood circulation is improved, soft tissues are restored.


This procedure is indicated for various diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Action on biologically active points of the body allows you to relieve pain in the neck and weakness, to increase blood supply in this area.


Additional therapeutic methods are effective for osteochondrosis and other spinal diseases. After the procedure, discomfort, swelling, cramping, and fatigue are eliminated. Blood flow, well -being of the patient and his emotional state improved. Either a local or general sequence is set. Techniques are selected individually for each particular case.


Exercise therapy and classes on a special decompression simulator are set to strengthen the muscular corset. During the procedure, the load is removed from the spine and the risk of cartilage abrasion is minimized. The large hall is equipped for training with additional equipment - rollers, balls. This training is supervised by experienced doctors and instructors.