Osteocondrose – causes, symptoms, and treatments of the disease

The disease osteocondrose – what is it, causes, in-service training, the methods and techniques of treatment, let us consider in more detail later in this article.

The disease osteocondrose, a description and methods for the treatment of

According to modern medical statistics, currently osteochondrosis suffer from almost 90 per cent of the world's population.

This includes people with small manifestations of the symptoms of degenerative disc disease, and those with the illness, it was far more than this, and has called for a lot of suffering and pain.

The physicians of all the country to sound the alarm: in recent years, this disease, this is a very "young", and now the average age of occurrence accounts for the degenerative disc disease is 30 years old!!!

Osteocondrose of the vertebral column

But what is most troubling, according to the doctors, is that in the conditions of steroids and signs of degenerative disc disease can manifest itself, and in the earlier period of his life, especially if they are present in the long-term, uneven or excessive loading on the back and on the legs, as well as the consequences of the injury.

What is the osteocondrose?

At least in the progression (development), degenerative disc disease, and these degenerative diseases-degenerative diseases of defeat, apply to the tissue of the vertebrae.

The main feature that you should be alert to is the onset of pain in the neck, upper back, lower back.

Often the pain is "good," in the hands, the chest, the shoulders, the upper part of the thigh, and t. d.

All of this is clearly to say that the spinal cord has begun, the pathological changes and the urgent need to take action, even where the disease has not gone too far, because, as the downward trend of degenerative disc disease are possible.

  • the atrophy of the muscular tissue;
  • the violation of the sensitivity;
  • the flaws in the functioning of the internal organs;
  • the displacement of the internal organs, and of the t. d. d.

In the absence of early treatment osteocondrose develops to the hopeless in the state!!!

The causes of degenerative disc disease.

A major factor in the development of degenerative disc disease is not the same, the load on the lumbar spine.

A common cause for confusion, uneven distribution of the load over the vertebral column are:

  • the habit of using the bag on one shoulder or in the hand;
  • bad posture in a seated position;
  • the night is very soft, the mattress;
  • a dream on a high pillow;
  • wearing the tiger's unexpected types of shoes.

To assist in the risk factors of concern as well:

  • Hipodinami (a sedentary lifestyle);
  • in the presence of excess weight;
  • an injury to the upper back.
  • injuries to the lower extremities;
  • flat feet;
  • any other disorders of the musculoskeletal system;
  • the age of degenerative processes in the spine, due to which in turn reduces the blood supply to the spinal cord.

The etiology (origin), degenerative disc disease, may play a role as a host of other factors, such as:

  • the physics of overvoltage in the body.
  • neuro-emotional exhaustion;
  • disorders of the metabolism of the poison of junk foods, to alcohol, to drugs, diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract – all of this does not allow for the normal, and the full absorption of the nutrients in the food.
  • occupational risk project, in that this is a healthy, and to regulate the load on the spinal column, where it has a very bad posture for a long period of time, or the experience of the short time limits, but the superstrong loading);
  • the genetic predisposition (the percentage is small, but the probability of this is at all possible);
  • violation of posture, in the period of active growth of the human body;
  • due to the weather, or it is not treated in a timely manner, the scoliosis in very young children;
  • wearing tight, uncomfortable shoes, and shoes with heels up to 3 cm);
  • the long-term, and/or to adjust the dehydration of the body.
  • bad, and not in a well-balanced diet, Hiponoetaminoácidos;
  • it is prohibited to;
  • pregnancy (and especially no), in conjunction with the neretvitth injuries-muscle-ligament unit, due to a shift of the center of gravity of the body to begin the degenerative processes in the vertebral column.

The stages of development of degenerative disc disease.

U, osteocondrose it always goes through four stages:

  • The first phase is characterized by the appearance of the pathology in the nucleus of the intervertebral disc. The reason why the natural of the cargo is in the process of hydration (or dehydration) of the linux kernel, which leads to a decrease in the height of the intervertebral disc and can cause cracks in the fibrous rings.The symptoms of this stage, generally speaking, they are either missing or are too small – you may experience a little discomfort for a longer stay in an uncomfortable static of the fetus, during the movement of the asset and of the t. d. d.
  • During the second stage of the disease, there is a discomfort in the form of a pain, especially when certain types of loads, movements, and body positions. In the second stage is the reduction of the distance between the bone and skin spinal muscles and ligaments. All of this is because of the increase in the mobility of the vertebrae, with the dead disk, which is very dangerous and is a threat to their movement or action.
  • In the third stage of degenerative disc disease is characterized by the formation of prolapses, and sobretRusi. It can be nodentorses, and/or the development of arthrosis of the intervertebral joints. When a certain movement, perhaps a sense of stiffness and lack of mobility. The members may experience feelings of "pins and needles" and numbness. At this stage in the degenerative disease of the disc is clearly to be felt as pain in the back, the neck, the back, and the Crestzoom the department of spine, the tail bone (it all depends on the location of the dead disk).
  • During the fourth stage of the degenerative disc disease is the body trying to adjust to the consequences of hypermobilete (excessive mobility), the vertebrae begin to adapt to the violation of the functionality of the spinal column and the vertebrae are beginning to form OStenofets a new bone of education, with the aim of improving the fixation of the spinal column.

But, unfortunately, in some cases, OStenofets cause injury to the nerves, and even more hurt to the bone. Resulting in the intervertebral discs and the facet joints begins to fibrous ankylosis.

The symptoms of degenerative disc disease.

The main symptoms of degenerative disc disease is a feeling of discomfort and/or pain in the region of the neck and the back.

So, how are strong feelings, and most of the symptoms that may arise during the course of development of degenerative disc disease depends on the stage of the disease, and in a case by case basis.

The pathology of the intervertebral disc for the cervical and lumbar spine occur much more frequently than the degenerative diseases and the degenerative changes in the area of the sternum.

The symptoms of degenerative disc disease refers to:

  1. the periodic or permanent straightening of the sense of fatigue of the upper back.
  2. the lower or box, depending on the stage of the disease, pain that is caused in the region of the neck, upper back, chest, shoulder, time);
  3. the problems, detected from the movement of the upper body.

The clinical Picture of degenerative disease of the disk, it depends a lot on the location (path) of the pathology, the stage of development of the process, starting from the individual characteristics of the patient.

The pathology of the intervertebral disc, shift, sobretrhooseee, hernias, and the accumulation of OStenofets lead to a number of consequences.

Among the most common – is to disrupt the normal flow of blood circulation in the tissues, crushing the nerve endings, dysfunction in the spinal canal, swelling, and fibrosis of the tissue, and structures.

These side effects can also be accompanied by a wide variety of different symptoms, which leads to difficulty in accurate diagnosis of the disease.

The most common symptom of degenerative disc disease is related in the following expression:

  1. the pain in the back, the neck, the back, the shoulder, the belt, the area of each of the fins;
  2. the discomfort and stiffness of movement in the torso that occurs when some of the member states of the gradients, the curves, when you increase the tension in the muscles;
  3. a feeling of numbness in the upper limbs and lower limbs;
  4. muscle and WMtandnonsth discomfort, muscular spasms;
  5. headaches, dizziness, fatigue,
  6. the pain in the region of the heart;and
  7. the violation of the sensitivity of the hands;
  8. the weakness of the muscles.

The symptoms of degenerative disc disease vary depending on where you are located, the condition:

  1. When osteocondrose of the cervical spine is dominated by a pain in the neck, and on the other hand, in the shoulder zone, you can't "give" it to the area of the shoulders and the neck. There are also the headaches, the vertigo, the flickering of "flies" or spots before the eyes, tinnitus.
  2. When you defeat the chest pain is located in the area of the chest, the heart, and the inner surface of the shoulder area of the arm. It is possible discomfort when breathing, shortness of breath.
  3. Osteocondrose the lumbar-sacral spine, if it is manifested as low back pain, with "notdandnoandneem pain in the lower legs, the upper part of the thigh, from the pelvic organs. Often combined with loss of sexual desire.

Important!!! The surface of the symptoms, such as fatigue, back pain can indicate not only the presence of degenerative disc disease, but it is also a sign of other diseases or other pathologies and disorders which are not linked to dystrophy, intervertebral disc, and therefore, an analysis of the osteocondrose it should be put on only one expert, and self-medication when symptoms are unacceptable!!!

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A diagnosis of degenerative disc disease.

To make a diagnosis from a specialist, you assign to these tools, searching techniques, such as:

  • an x-ray of the spinal column;
  • if necessary, the myelography of the spinal column;
  • neurological examination of sensation and of the reflexes of the spinal cord.

Other techniques that may be awarded to a medical doctor for the diagnosis and the stage of the pathological process, were installed as close as possible to, include the following:

  • a ct scan of the spine;
  • in a nuclear magnetic resonance imaging;
  • the magnetic resonance imaging.

The direction of the therapy, in the treatment of degenerative disease of the disk – like dots by explaining and talking about the illness

Of competent jurisdiction, and the treatment is always based on an integrated approach. It is dependent upon the level of tweak degenerative disc disease, and in each case, and the status of the health of the patient.

The conservative treatment of the disease consists of medications and the implementation of a complex of treatment and corrective exercises.

Surgical treatment in virtually any situation that it may not be the method of choice.

The surgical treatment is given only in the absence of a dynamic, positive and active in the progression of the disease is in the midst of the long conservative treatment, which does not occur, the change is positive for the better.

In addition to the medical treatment, you should follow a certain diet, and take other steps, which are extremely important, and you need to recover.

Conservative treatment of degenerative disc disease.

Conservative therapy aims to test (and eliminate) the starting point of pain syndrome, normalization of the functionality of the spinal column, and to the prevention of negative changes in the future.

In the conservative treatment of degenerative disc disease includes any of the following types of therapy:

Medical therapy

Drugs when osteocondrose, and are applied to ease the pain, eliminating the swelling of the tissue and the normalization of metabolic processes in the body, and the improvement of the processes of the blood supply to the tissues, and it has been recovered.

When a very strong pain syndrome, or, in the case of complications, the acute, can be attributed to interactions with the blocking of nerve endings, which can also help to reduce the expression of muscular rigidity.

Important!!! It is necessary to understand clearly that disease is osteocondrose it is impossible to cure, only the intake of drugs!!!

Please note that, in the absence of the expressed degenerative changes, and is explicitly the starting point of the pain syndrome with the ingestion of the drug may be considered to be unreasonable. This information can help you to avoid incorrectly referred to the treatment of non-qualified people.

The drugs that are used to help ease the pain and for the treatment of degenerative disc disease:

  • the anti-inflammatory group of drugs;
  • medications-antispasmodics;
  • the preparations antioxidants (vitamins);
  • to improve the blood supply to the tissues;
  • drugs for the regeneration and/or prevent the degeneration of tissue and cartilage.

The drugs can be in the form of ointments, creams to use when the pain you feel in the form of tablets for oral administration in the form of injections, such as medicine, adhesives, and innovative, making the pain that is caused and the improving of the condition of the patient for a long period of time without any side-effects that may occur when the intake of tablets and use of of the injection.

The self-adhesive aches and pains in the back, and when osteocondrose

At this point, there is such a therapeutic pain-killers, heat:

  1. the stickers and the irritating action of spray adhesive, the mustard band-aid).
  2. the adhesive which is indicative of the action (store the heat).
  3. the stickers with the pain killers in the action-based non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, on the basis of the local anesthetics action, based on medicinal herbs and dietary supplements (nanoplastyri).
  4. the adhesives based on the chondroprotectors.
  5. the adhesive is combined to the impact.

The cure of the adhesive has a number of advantages:

  • the almost complete absence of contraindications;
  • in the absence of any side effects;
  • with the release of a stress on the organs in the digestive, which occurs when the oral intake of the tools of the therapy, which is especially important if you already have an existing disease.
  • the comfort of use;
  • save it for a long period of time to effect the relief of the pain, for 12 to 24 hours.
  • in the absence of toxic effects on your body, this is especially inherent in the chinese therapeutic analgesic patch that is based on the organic components);
  • and a lot of other advantages as well.

Physical therapy methods.

They can help to reduce the pain and enhance the effect of the drug. The treatment for osteochondrosis is the most common application of ultrasonic sound waves in magnetic elds, the currents of low frequency, laser beams, and the t. d. d.

Techniques, wound care, physical therapy, exercise and paraenezetERPeEu (traffic handling). The techniques in therapy for a year and a paraenezetArapovtehewithparaex the procedures for the normalization of metabolic processes in the recovery of a complete nutrition of the intervertebral discs, repair the location of the vertebrae and the discs between them, and an even distribution of the load on the muscle system-motor wet.

The techniques of massage therapy. The type of massage that is used to improve the vascularity of the tissues, for the relief of muscle spasms and cramps in the anchorage, to an improvement in the circulation of the blood.

A bath tub, as a kind of therapeutic massage, supplements, the method in the manual of massage (using the hands), and it also helps to "normalize" the operation of the entire nervous system of the body.

The therapy is a method of traction (traction) of the spinal column with the use of special equipment. The purpose of these manipulations increase the intervertebral space prior to the normal sizes, and to correct the violation within the spinal position.

Right diet when you osteocondrose

The problem of the diet when the disease is OStenoxnondRnoznom improve your metabolism and flooding the body with the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals, the inclusion of foods with a high content of anti-oxidants, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and the compounds contributing to the regeneration of tissue and cartilage.

The mode of drinking of the disease is extremely important, and should include the use of clean water at a ratio of 30 ml for each kilogram of body weight, evenly distributed throughout the day (for the most part, in the water, it is recommended to drink in the first-half of the diameter).

Eating the need for a fractional, 5-6 times a day. The basis of the diet is milk and milk products, lean meats, poultry, fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, grains, and vegetables-and lots of it, and the mushrooms.

It is especially recommended for the inclusion in the diet of meat and fish, jam, xnolnodTSs, water, dishes, and the use of extra-virgin olive oil non-stop from the room temperature to the processing (for the salad dressing, and t.-d.).

Preferred methods of processing the food – to-peer, the baking, the cooking. Limit flour, sweet, fatty, spicy, salted, canned and smoked. Coffee, strong tea, sweets, soft drinks and alcohol – a complete taboo!

What are the possible complications of the osteocondrose?

If you act in good faith to comply with the treatment prescribed by your doctor, or long term, and avoid a visit from a technician, and a survey, this is purely to contribute to the progression of the disease, and leading to the development of a complication of diseases, and new diseases, such as:

  • herniation of the intervertebral disc (herniation of the spine);
  • sobretRyzee;
  • the kyphosis;
  • sciatica;
  • salt deposits in the intervertebral disc space;
  • the strokes of the spinal cord;
  • the reduction in muscle mass of limbs, loss of muscle mass due to circulatory disorders;
  • paralysis of the lower extremities, and disability.

In the prevention of degenerative disc disease.

Is recommended to adhere to the general rules of a healthy life-style and use:

  1. delete Hipodinami, and increasing physical activity;
  2. prolonged stay in a static posture, you should take time off to exercise every 45 minutes to retrieve the circulation to the spinal column;
  3. you will need to choose the chairs and seats are available with software support for the spinal column to monitor the position of the hand on the table and your feet flat on the floor, nReensinotSya to maintain the posture at the level of the rotation speed, the lazy, and the shoulders;
  4. for a good night's sleep, you need to choose elastic rather than a bed with a mattress and a pillow;
  5. if you need to lift and/or carry heavy objects, in the classroom, the weight of the sports – adhere to technical safety;
  6. choose from noRtnopedehewithparae the correct shoes;
  7. whenever possible, walk barefoot on uneven surfaces: it strengthens the muscles of the foot and relieves the strain on the musculoskeletal system;
  8. to eat properly, to observe the scheme in a drink;
  9. learn the techniques of relaxation: you take away the muscle tension;
  10. the regular courses are back for the massage.

Hopefully, the condition of the osteocondrose cry out to him from the side.

God bless you!