Back pain in the lumbar region: causes, diagnosis and treatment

Many of us are familiar with pain in the lumbar spine. Enough to spend a few minutes in an uncomfortable position, and the uncomfortable sensation does not leave for a long time. What causes back pain in the lumbar region? We will consider the causes today, as often such symptoms are a sign of disease progression.

Determine the nature of the pain syndrome

causes of back pain in the lumbar region

Before we know the reasons why back pain is in the lumbar region, let's take a closer look at the classification of pain syndrome. As you know, the human spine has several parts, one of which is the lumbar. This area occupies the posterior interval from the coccygeal to the beginning of the ribs.

Pain syndrome in this segment of the spine can appear even after a long time sitting in an uncomfortable position or doing strenuous physical activity. If the discomfort immediately disappears, then there is no reason to worry. But what if the pain attacks recur, and over time the condition interferes with life and develops fully?

There is only one way out - contact a treatment specialist. If pain is not associated with injury, then an initial consultation should be sent to a therapist. He or she will determine which specialist doctor will help you. If trauma has been a prerequisite for the appearance of pain, then you can immediately contact a traumatologist.

Lumbar segment pain syndrome in the spinal space can have different characters:

  • whine;
  • bind;
  • filming.

Specialists divide all types of lumbar pain into two broad categories:

  • main;
  • secondary.

Primary pain sensations are diagnosed in cases where the pathology develops. This may be due to deformation of tissues, ligaments or articular or intervertebral tendons.

Secondary pain syndrome occurs in cases of previous injury or development of pathological processes associated with one or another disease, for example, with osteoporosis, osteochondrosis, the appearance of malignant or benign neoplasms.

Learn more about the causes of pain

why the back hurts in the lumbar region

In medical practice, there are various cases when a patient complains of pain in the lumbar spine. It is impossible to diagnose this disease with a visual examination, because in nature there are many reasons for the appearance of such symptoms.

Lower back pain may be associated with the development of pathology of the spine or internal organs. Often, representatives of the beautiful human half experience pain in the lumbar spine at night or during menstrual bleeding.

What causes acute back pain? In fact, there are a large number of them and it is impossible to compile a complete list. However, you can choose the main and most common cause of acute pain. These include:

  • intervertebral disc protrusion;
  • hernia between vertebral segments;
  • spondyloarthritis;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • pathology of the urinary system, in particular, the presence of stones;
  • circulatory dysfunction in the spine;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • pielonefritis develops in the acute stage;
  • development of non-specific inflammatory processes in the appendix;
  • stretch;
  • violation of the integrity of the vertebral segment;
  • pathological processes in the hip joint tissue.

If the pain syndrome is periodic, then, perhaps, we are talking about chronic pathology. Chronic pain attacks in the lumbar segment of the spine can be caused by the influence of the following factors:

  • ankylosing spondylitis;
  • defective spondylosis;
  • bone tissue disease;
  • osteomyelitis;
  • neoplasm development;
  • the appearance of metastases;
  • scoliosis;
  • development of infectious processes in the vertebral segment (epidural abscess, brucellosis, etc. );
  • arthritis;
  • spondylitis;
  • tumor process in kidney;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • Reiter Syndrome.
how to treat back pain in the lumbar region

We often experience what is said in everyday life. This condition misleads even the treating specialist, because the localization of pain does not correspond to the actual place of development of the pathology. The doctor called the pain radiating. The causes of the appearance of a similar syndrome in the lumbar segment of the spine can be:

  • gastrointestinal tract pathology;
  • pancreatic disease;
  • inflammatory processes or infections of the small pelvic organs;
  • the development of inflammation in the accessory part of the fair sex
  • pathology of uterine organ oncology;
  • gonorea;
  • renal colic;
  • ulcerative colitis;
  • prostatitis;
  • ovarian pathology;
  • stone formation in the renal cavity.

Various causes can cause back pain on the left side of the lumbar region. Often, the localization of such pain is determined by the inflammatory process or infection of the internal organs. If the pain syndrome surrounds both parts of the lumbar segment, then this may indicate the development of the following diseases:

  • hepatitis;
  • pielonefritis;
  • prostatitis;
  • adnecsal inflammation;
  • appendicitis;
  • pneumonia.

Which doctor should I go to?

As you know, the spine is the strongest support for our body. If the function is interrupted, you should immediately see the specialist present. But which doctor should you go to? If you are seriously injured or bruised, you can go to a traumatologist safely. This specialist doctor will handle the treatment.

If pain in the lumbar segment of the spine appears as a result of the development of the disease and is a major symptom, first consult a leading therapist. The attending specialist will perform a full-scale examination and, based on ultrasound diagnostic results and magnetic resonance imaging, will write the appropriate instructions.

Depending on the causes of the onset of pain in the lumbar segment of the spine, the following specialists can be treated:

  • cardiologist;
  • obstetrician-gynecologist;
  • nephrologist;
  • pulmonologist;
  • orthopedic specialist;
  • gastroenterologist;
  • infectious disease specialist.

Before starting a course of treatment, the doctor must take all measures to relieve pain and relieve the patient's condition. For starters, one is advised to change the sleeping mattress, take antispasmodic or analgesic pharmacological medications, and do gentle exercise.

Treating diseases: key aspects

methods of treating lower back pain

When the back hurts in the lumbar region, only a doctor can identify the real cause of this condition and prescribe a complete and effective treatment. Self-treatment will help get rid of the symptoms that appear for a while, but then the pain will overwhelm you again with unprecedented strength.

The course of treatment is set individually according to the diagnosis. In the early stages, patients can be prescribed the use of anti-inflammatory pharmaceutical agents, as well as the use of ointments that have a warming effect.

Treatment can be done through physiotherapy procedures, in particular:

  • acupuncture;
  • laser therapy;
  • vacuum therapy;
  • manual manipulation;
  • electrostimulation;
  • pharmacopuncture.

Pain in the lumbar region of the spine can not only cause disruption to the normal way of life and the appearance of discomfort, but also provoke the development of complicated consequences and serious pathology. To avoid this, you should immediately seek qualified medical help and strictly adhere to all doctor's prescriptions. Get well!