Causes of joint pain - diagnosis and its type, treatment with drugs and folk remedies

Bone joints respond very sensitively to organism poisoning. Any infection or disease, anxiety and other factors can cause pain. The uncomfortable sensation, by itself, does not yet indicate the presence of disease in the body. It happens that the pain occurs as a result of injury or overload, while the disease manifests itself in the form of a sharp sensation of pain. What to do when a joint hurts, what are the causes of body aches?

What is joint pain

causes of joint pain

Medically, pain in the joints is called arthralgia. It develops when the nerve endings found in the synovial bag are affected. Persistent pain is the first indication of bone disease. This worsens the quality of life, emotional background. Medications alone can cause the transition of the disease to a chronic form, leading to greater damage. The main symptom of arthralgia is a periodic period of pain.

How joint pain

Pain itself is not a disease, it is just a symptom of another disease - both contagious and non-infectious. Perception of how joint pain depends on the state of the nervous system. A balanced body practically does not respond to slight discomfort, and an emotionally unstable person has a low pain threshold. Pain in strength and duration can be characterized as follows:

  • tolerant - intolerant;
  • weak - strong;
  • sharp - chronic;
  • frequent - rare;
  • fast - durable.

If the joint hurts for more than a month, it is considered a chronic form. With proper treatment, it will disappear for a while (remission level), but then reappear (exacerbation level). Joints can be provoked by a sharp drop in ambient temperature, excessive physical load, improper diet, overweight, and frequent stressful situations.

Why they hurt

The cause of joint pain can be hidden in ongoing pathological processes (stretching, inflammation, metabolic disorders). This is special for diseases such as synovitis, arthritis, gout, osteoarthritis, and so on. Various factors can cause discomfort, which can be used to determine the risk group:

  • is ​​over 50 years old;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • congenital malformations;
  • chronic diseases;
  • injury;
  • broken bones;
  • gender (women are more often affected);
  • the period when a person becomes overweight.

Why do joints hurt in the limbs, where there is connective tissue? This can be caused by impaired blood circulation in the synovium. Pain and stiffness of movement can also occur with an unbalanced diet. The diet should be rich in essential vitamins and minerals (calcium, phosphorus, boron). An inactive lifestyle is another reason why all joints ache at the same time, from which one suffers.

Why the whole body and joints are injured

Pain in most joints of the body can have different origins. The most common cause is increased physical activity, after which a pleasant fatigue is felt (ankle joints - sore feet when walking, shoulders). This can also be related to:

  • infections accompanied by fever (infectious arthritis, a virus that attacks the hip joint);
  • intestinal inflammation;
  • hematopoietic system disorders;
  • drunk;
  • autoimmune inflammatory processes;
  • increased arthritis or osteoarthritis;
  • rheumatism.

All injured joints and spine

The main cause of this phenomenon is considered to be damage to the metabolic function of cartilage. This is accompanied by loss of smoothness, they become rough, loss of synovial joint fluid, and the formation of cracks. The deformation process can be caused by the following reasons:

  • inactive lifestyle;
  • professional sports;
  • injury;
  • further infections, inflammatory diseases;
  • hypothermia;
  • pressure;
  • sudden weight gain.

Knees and elbows

This part of the body consists of the junction of several bones (joints) that are covered with cartilage tissue. Feature lesions can be present on one side and simultaneously on both sides. The knees and elbows have little muscle and fat and can be felt. It is very easy for an experienced doctor to identify the cause of this disease (arthrosis of the knee joint, acute arthritis of the shoulder joint, rheumatoid arthritis, etc. ). This may be:

  • chronic inflammation of the synovial tract;
  • trauma;
  • changes due to cartilage wear, joint deformities;
  • systemic disease;
  • obesity.


why joints hurt and what to do

In order for the rheumatologist to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment, an analysis of the painful symptoms that bother you is carried out, diagnostics using all the necessary instrumental techniques. The nature of the pathology and its location are determined using:

  • x-rays;
  • ultrasound examination;
  • tomography;
  • arthroscopy;
  • arthrocentesis;
  • study of synovial fluid.


Methods and ways of treating joints are different for each individual case. They are divided into therapies (including surgery, massage, physiotherapy, exercise) and alternatives (alternative methods of traditional medicine). What method of treatment should be used for joint pain, the doctor decides after a complete examination of the patient, taking into account his personal characteristics, the degree of limitation of mobility.

Traditional Treatment

This method aims to reduce the inflammatory process in the articular tissue and articular membrane. Medication does not eliminate the problem, but only relieves pain in the damaged joint cavity. To do this, use NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ointments, tablets, injections).

Traditional methods

Before using folk methods, you must see a doctor. The following methods are popular and effective:

traditional methods for treating joint pain
  • Greetings. To prepare the medicine, 30 leaves are needed, pour 0. 5 liters of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes. Insist the resulting broth for 3 hours and start drinking for 12 hours. Repeat the procedure for 3 days, then rest for 7 days. The course should be repeated no more than 2 times a year.
  • Gelatin. Compresses must be made of this material: napkins soaked in hot water, squeezed, soaked in gelatin, folded in layers, and applied to the skin overnight, after wrapping it with adhesive. Very useful for taking gelatin internally.
  • Rice. Boiled rice removes salt, which can be identified by its special characteristics. First, it must be soaked in water - the longer, the better, drain it periodically. The dish is eaten on an empty stomach, without salt, for 40 days.